Alanya

ALANYA CASTLE

Alanya Castle, whose ramparts are about 6.5 kilometers long, is on the peninsula 250 meter 
high above the sea. The settlement on Alanya peninsula, which is also known as "Kandeleri", not only 
dates back to hellenistic era but also reflects the 13. century as a Seljukian site. The castle was built 
by Seljukian Sultan Alaaddin Keykubat, who reconstructed Alanya when he conquered it in 1221. The 
castle has 83 towers and 140 bastions. There are nearly 400 cisterns made for fulfilling the water 
need of town which was inside the castle in medieval ages. Some of these cisterns are still in use.

KIZILKULE

This is an octagonal building inherited from Seljukians of 13. century as well as the symbol of Alanya. 
It is named as Kızılkule due to its upper parts' being made of fired red bricks because of the difficulty 
of lifting stone blocks to higher parts. The tower, which was set against raids coming from the sea to
protect the port and navy yard, has been used for military purposes for centuries.

NAVYYARD

The navy yard, having five arched rooms, was constructed in such a way that it receives sunlight 
almost all the time sun is up. Alanya navy yard is the first yard in of Seljukians the Mediterranean 
region. There is a praying room on one side, and a guardsman room on the other side of the navy 
yard. Therefore, there is a well inside of one of the rooms, which has dried up in time.

ARMORY

There is an armory located on a rock 10 meters high above the sea, next to the navy yard to protect 
it. It is also known that is this armory, which was built in 1227 and made of dimension stones and has 
a rectangular infrastructure, cannons had been produced for battleships.

EHMEDEK

It was rebuilt as a midpoint castle in Seljukian era in the place of little castle which was located on the 
north the main castle and inherited from Byzantium Empire. The structure is in such a location that 
has strategical advantage against land attacks and able to protect the keep, in which the sultan's 
palace was placed.

SÜLEYMANİYE MOSQUE

It was at first built by Seljukian Sultan Alaaddin Keykubat in 1231, however, when it fell down, it was 
rebuilt by Kanuni Sultan Süleyman (The Magnificient) in the 16th century, during the Ottoman era. In 
order to provide acoustic to the mosque, 15 little cubes were placed to the dome, which was working 
as a hanger. This feature stands out during prayers.

BEDESTEN

It is in the castle, near Süleymaniye Mosque. It is thought to have been built as a bazaar or inn in the 
time of Karamanoğulları Seigniory, in 14th or 15th century. The historical building is used as a hotel, 
restaurant and cafeteria today.

ROYALMINTS

They are the structures that are located on Cilvarda Cape, which is composed of steep rocks 
400 meters long, on the tip of the peninsula. Although it is called as a royal mint in public, in these 
with dimension stone made buildings are there not money being printed. One of the stony structures 
is a little church built in the 11th century. The others were most likely to have been used as 
monasteries.

AKŞABE SULTAN SMALL MOSQUE

It is in the castle, on the west of Bedesten, nearly 100 meters ahead of Süleymaniye Mosque. 
It was built by Akşabe Sultan, who was the first commander of Alaaddin Keykubat in Alanya Castle, in 
1230. It has a square infrastructure and 2 rooms. One of the rooms is a prayer room and the other 
one is the tomb of Akşabe Sultan. There are 3 other tombs as well.

ANTIQUECITIES

Both on the west and east of Alanya are there plenty of ancient sites' remains. These are sites ATHLETES' AND TEAM OFFICIALS' GUIDE
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of Pamphylia's and Cilicia's some of which are on the coast while some other are on steep slopes. The 
ruins reflect the charasterictics of the region. The ash pans carved in stones which are on display at 
Alanya Archeology Museum, also reflect the burial traditions of Cilicia region. It is free to visit some 
ancient sites around which archeological excavations are still being carried out and areas protected 
owing to their being ruins. Those who would like to sight-see the remains around had better wear 
clothes which are suitable for long walkings around rocky terrains and among tall bushes and keep 
water with themselves when it is summer.

COLYBRASSUS

It is a historical site located on Toros Mountains, inherited from Romans, the northwest of 
Alanya, 30 kilometers far. The historical backround of this site has not been clearly found out yet, 
though, there are a lot of epigraphs spread around which includes important informations about 
past.

HAMAXIA

It is on the northwest of Alanya, 12 kilometers far. Strabon, geographer of his time, spoke of 
the abundance of cedar trees, which were used for making ships, in the region known as Pamphylia. 
It has a great view of Mediterranean.

SYEDRA

It is on the east of Alanya, 20 kilometers far. The site's history is thought to be dating back to 
7th century BC. The entrance to the site which sustained its existence until the 13th century AD is a 
still-standing monumental gate. The site is surrounded by ramparts.

LEARTES

Leartes is located on the feet of a slope that is next to the entrance of a plateau in Toros 
Mountains, east of Alanya, 25 kilometers far. It is in the region which was known as Mountainous 
Cilicia in the ancient times. Epigraphs whose 3 sections were written in phoenician language in 7th 
century BC is on display at Alanya Museum.

IOTAPE

It is on the east of Alanya, 33 kilometers far. The promontry leans over the sea is the 
acropolis of the site. Where the acropolis is connected to mainland is Liman Main Road. The tiny bay 
in which there are ancient port remains has a beach that you can settle for swimming.

SELINUS

It is an ancient site located on the hillside of a little peninsula, east of Alanya, 45 kilometers 
far. Its history dates back to 6th century BC. Trajanus, the emperor of Rome, who died in the 9th of 
August 117, passed away here and his ashes were sent to Rome.

 
You may visit Alanya Guide alanyalovers.com for detailed information about Alanya, what to do in Alanya and where to visit in Alanya.

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